Due to it’s complicated geographical features of difficult to access, Peru has a rather small agricultural area with 1.7% of the territory.
Export of agricultural products is the third largest economic sector of the country. Biggest exports are asparagus, potatoes, maize, rice, quinoa and coffee.
Agricultural reform in the country resulted in excessive division of land among farmers and the rapid degradation of productivity due to a lack of knowledge and technical preparation of the farmers.
In spite of growth of exports, smallholders have missed out on that prosperity because dynamic export products are produced on large, commercial farms.